Skip to main content

Older couple at kitchen counter.

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or ruptures. It is the third leading cause of death in the United States and is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in adults. Almost 800,000 people in the U.S. have a stroke each year.

Stroke can happen to anyone at any time — regardless of race, sex, or even age — but more women than men have a stroke each year, and African Americans have almost twice the risk of first-ever stroke than Caucasians. Approximately two-thirds of those who experience a stroke are over 65 years of age.

If you have one or more of the following symptoms, immediately call 911 or emergency medical services so that an ambulance can be sent for you:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
  • Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause.

If You Think Someone Might Be Having a Stroke

Act F.A.S.T.! Emergency treatment with a clot-buster drug called t-PA can help reduce or even eliminate problems from stroke, but it must be given within three hours of when symptoms start. Recognizing the symptoms can be easy by remembering to think F.A.S.T.

F = Face 

Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?

A = Arms 

Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

S = Speech 

Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Does their speech sound slurred or strange?

T = Time

Note the exact time you noticed stroke symptoms. Call 911 and tell them the time that you think the stroke began.

Research shows that people with stroke who arrive at the hospital by ambulance receive quicker treatment than those who arrive by their own means.

Physical therapists are movement experts work with survivors of stroke to help them gain back as much function and strength as possible. They improve quality of life through hands-on care, patient education, and prescribed movement. You can contact a physical therapist directly for an evaluation. To find a physical therapist in your area, visit Find a PT.

Find a PT Near You!

Learn more about a physical therapist's role in treating patients who have experienced stroke. And visit our health center on stroke for additional resources.

 

Is this content helpful?

Thanks for the feedback!

Thank you. Your feedback has been sent.

You Might Also Like...

Did You Know?

5 Hours of Weekly Exercise Could Help 46,000 Americans Avoid Cancer Each Year

Dec 8, 2021

An October 2021 study published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise offers good news for Americans. You may be able to avoid many cancers.

Health Tips

Benefits of Physical Therapy for Children With Down Syndrome

Sep 9, 2021

Down Syndrome is a genetic condition that changes development of the brain and body. DS can result in physical and cognitive differences. The differences

Health Tips

7 Exercises For Healthy Aging

Sep 9, 2021

Including the following exercises into your daily physical activity routine can help you keep your strength, agility, and balance so you can age well.