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Listening Time — 27:39

For female athletes, intense exercise and training can sometimes lead to a trio of distinct interrelated conditions known collectively as the Female Athlete Triad, which can have immediate and lasting effects if untreated.

The Female Athlete Triad, or Triad for short, involves menstrual dysfunction, reduced bone mineral density, and energy deficiency related to disordered eating and insufficient nutrition. Despite its multiple elements, the Triad sometimes goes unrecognized and untreated because symptoms can range from mild to severe, and because it is related to issues many female athletes may be unwilling to discuss: body image and menstrual abnormality.

In this episode of Move Forward Radio, Dr Kelly Waicus, MD, CAQSM, and physical therapist Laura Stanley, PT, DPT, SCS, discuss how to identify, treat, and prevent the Triad.

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Read more about Female Athlete Triad.

Kelly Waicus

Dr Kelly Waicus, MD, CAQSM, is the primary team physician for volleyball, men's and women's swimming and diving, women's tennis, women's golf, women's lacrosse, men's lacrosse, men's and women's fencing, and cheerleading at the University of North Carolina. After completing a residency in pediatrics at Children's Hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio, she completed her sports medicine fellowship at UNC. She is board certified in pediatrics and has a certificate of added qualification in sports medicine.

Laura Stanley

Laura Stanley PT, DPT, SCS, is a physical therapist with Proaxis Therapy in North Carolina. Laura is an ABPTS Board Certified Sports Specialist, with specific clinical interests in the areas of adolescent sports medicine and post-operative knee and shoulder rehabilitation. As a former collegiate athlete, she has a passion for working with young athletes, promoting injury prevention, functional, sport-specific rehabilitation, and long-term health and well-being.

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